< cpp‎ | thread‎ | timed mutex

template< class Rep, class Period >
bool try_lock_for( const std::chrono::duration<Rep,Period>& timeout_duration );
(since C++11)

Tries to lock the mutex. Blocks until specified timeout_duration has elapsed or the lock is acquired, whichever comes first. On successful lock acquisition returns true, otherwise returns false.

If timeout_duration is less or equal, the function behaves like try_lock().

A steady clock is used to measure the duration. This function may block for longer than timeout_duration due to scheduling or resource contention delays.

As with try_lock(), this function is allowed to fail spuriously and return false even if the mutex was not locked by any other thread at some point during timeout_duration.

Prior unlock() operation on the same mutex synchronizes-with (as defined in std::memory_order) this operation if it returns true.

If try_lock_for is called by a thread that already owns the mutex, the behavior is undefined.


[edit] Parameters

timeout_duration - maximum duration to block for

[edit] Return value

true if the lock was acquired successfully, otherwise false.

[edit] Exceptions

Any exception thrown by clock, time_point, or duration during the execution (clocks, time points, and durations provided by the standard library never throw)

[edit] Example

#include <iostream>
#include <mutex>
#include <thread>
#include <vector>
#include <sstream>
std::mutex cout_mutex; // control access to std::cout
std::timed_mutex mutex;
void job(int id) 
    using Ms = std::chrono::milliseconds;
    std::ostringstream stream;
    for (int i = 0; i < 3; ++i) {
        if (mutex.try_lock_for(Ms(100))) {
            stream << "success ";
        } else {
            stream << "failed ";
    std::lock_guard<std::mutex> lock(cout_mutex);
    std::cout << "[" << id << "] " << stream.str() << "\n";
int main() 
    std::vector<std::thread> threads;
    for (int i = 0; i < 4; ++i) {
        threads.emplace_back(job, i);
    for (auto& i: threads) {

Possible output:

[0] failed failed failed 
[3] failed failed success 
[2] failed success failed 
[1] success failed success

[edit] See also

locks the mutex, blocks if the mutex is not available
(public member function)
tries to lock the mutex, returns if the mutex is not available
(public member function)
tries to lock the mutex, returns if the mutex has been
unavailable until specified time point has been reached
(public member function)
unlocks the mutex
(public member function)